Indus Valley Facts

* The state which has accounted for highest number of Harappan sites after independence: Gujarat
* Three Harappan sites that have yielded three stages of Harappan Civilization (Pre-Harappan, Harappan and post-Harappan : Rojde, Desalpur and Surkotada )
* Most commonly engraved animal on Harappan seals: Humpless bull or unicorn
* Site which have yielded evidence of a pre-Harappan settlement: Kot-Diji, Kalibangan and Harappa
* Major Harappan cities that acted as ports: Lothal, Balakot, Suktagendor and Allahdin (Pakistan)
* The Harappan city with most impressive drainage system: Mohenjo-daro
* The geometric shape of the region covered by the Indus civilisation : Triangle
* Wheeler said: Indus Valley is the colony of Sumerians

* Lions have not been found anywhere in Harappa.
* Mother goddess was not worshipped at Rangpur.
* A Kushana period Stupa has been found from Mohenjo-daro
* Evidence of cultivation of peas. Till has been traced from Harappa, paddy from Lothal
* Harappans had trade relations with Mesopotamians around 2300 BC.
* Largest Harappan site in India is situated in Haryana Rakhigarhi, second largest is Dholavira in Gujarat.
* Dimension of Brick-length 11 inches, width -5.5 inches, depth -2.75 inches, ratio 4 2:1
* Harappan wheels were axeless
* Mohenjo-daro had 10.5 mt wide road.

* In Harappa, perhaps because of river Ravi the Granery is outside the fort.
* In the Lothal Port, there was a dockyard which is 216 meters in length and 37 meters in breadth
* Sukotada is the only Indus site where remains of a horse have actually been found.
* Terracoota seals found at Mehargarh were the earliest precussors of Harappan seals.
* Wider road of Harappa was 30 foot.
* Most common materials used for the Harappan stone sculpture: Limestone and steatite
* Time span of the Harappan civilization as fixed on the basis of radio-carbon dating: 2300 BC - 1750 BC.

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