NTA UGC NET Syllabus of Arab Culture and Islamic Studies, Code No: 49


NTA UGC NET Syllabus in Arab Culture and Islamic Studies: Arab culture refers to the culture in the countries in which the official language is Arabic (although the Arabic language in some of them is the language of minority), and the west officials and scholars used to call them "Arab countries" of Western Asia and North Africa, from Morocco to the Arabian Sea. Language, literature, gastronomy, art, architecture, music, spirituality, philosophy, mysticism (etc.) are all part of the cultural heritage of the pan-Arab world. In a Muslim context, Islamic studies are the umbrella term for the Islamic sciences ('Ulum al-din), both originally researched and as defined by the Islamization of knowledge. It includes all the traditional forms of religious thought, such as kalam (Islamic theology) and fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence), but also incorporates fields generally considered secular in the West, such as Islamic science and Islamic economics.

 

Paper II

1. Rise of Islam
Pre – Islamic Arabia
Prophet Muhammad and his life at Makkah
His migration to Madinah
Prophet’s life at Madinah
Formulation of Social system at Madinah (early phase)
Basic teachings of Islamic faith
Formation of Islamic State at Madinah
Socio – economic and political system of Islam
Achievements of Prophet Muhammad
2. Khilafat – e – Rashidah
Institution of Khilafat
Hazrat Abu Bakr : Life and achievements
Hazrat Umar : Life and his administration
Expansion and consolidation of Islamic State during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar
Hazrat Usman : Life and political problems faced by him
Hazrat Ali : His life and internal conflicts
General assessment of Khilafat – e – Rashidah
3. The Umayyads
Establishment of Umayyad dynasty
The policy of Arab nationalism adopted by the Umayyads
Social conditions under the Umayyad rule
Expansion and consolidation of the State
System of education under the Umayyads
Development of Arabic Language and Literature
Art and Architecture under the Umayyads
Decline of the Umayyad rule
4. The Abbasids
Establishment of Abbasid rule
Important caliphs and their achievements
Socio – cultural and religious developments
Development of education
Progress in the fields of various sciences and literature
Contribution of Abbasids to Fine Arts
Art and architecture under Abbasids
Decline of Abbasid rule
5. The Quran
Collection and compilation of the Quran
Ethical and philosophical teachings
Socio – economic and political teachings
The origin and development of Tafsir Literature
Important Commentators :
Mohammed bin Jarir at-Tabari
Razi
Zamakhshari
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
Abul Ala Maududi
Abul Kalam Azad
Ashraf Ali Thanvi
6. The Hadith and Islamic Jurisprudence
Process of collection and compilation of Hadith
Early collections of Hadith
Transmission and Scrutiny of Hadith
Major Collections of Hadith
Genesis of Islamic Fiqh and its development
Sources of Islamic Law
Schools of Islamic Law
Contemporary Problems and Islamic Fiqh
7. Dynasties of the East and the West
Idrisis and Aghlabids
Tulunids and Ikhshidies
Hamadanis and Tahirids
Samanis and Safavids
Qacharis and Pahlavis
Ghaznavids, Saljuqs and Khwarizmshahids
8. Medieval Arab States
Fatimids
Zangids
Nurids
Ayyubids
Mamluks
9. Iran
Iranian Society on the eve of Islam
Emergence and spread of Islam in Iran
Development of Islamic Sciences
Religious Ideas : Ithna Ashari, Ismailies, Usulis, Babis and Bahais
Development of Persian Literature
Contribution to Art and Architecture
Revolution of 1979
10. Arabs in Spain
Conquest of Spain
Umayyad rule in Spain
Socio – cultural developments in Spain
Intellectual, educational and literary development in Spain
Art and architecture under Umayyads in Spain
Cordova and Grenada
Decline of Umayyad rule in Spain
11. Ottoman Empire
Establishment of Ottoman Empire
Rise of Ottomans
Important Ottoman rulers
Contribution of Ottomans to various sciences
Contribution of Ottomans to art and architecture
Decline of Ottoman Empire
12. Muslim Contribution to Various Sciences
Medicine
Mathematics
Astronomy
Chemistry
Historiography
Geography
Rational Sciences
13. Muslim Contribution to Art and Architecture
Painting
Calligraphy
Music
Glass work
Pottery
Engraving
Handicraft
Salient features of Islamic Architecture
14. Important Islamic Thinkers
Mawardi
Ibn Taimiyah
Ibn Khaldun
Shah Waliullah
Syed Qutub Shaheed
Hasan al – Banna
Allamah Iqbal
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
Jamaluddin Afghani
Muhammad Abduhu

Paper III (Part A)

(Core Group)
Unit – I
Geographical and Environmental conditions
Arab Kingdom : North and South
Social Life of Bedouin and Settled Arabs
Cultural evolution of the Arabs
Religious conditions
Socio – political conditions
Commercial and economic activities
Arabic Language and Literature
Unit – II
Prophet Muhammad and his life at Makkah
His migration to Madinah
Prophet’s life at Madinah
Formulation of Social system at Madinah (early phase)
Basic teachings of Islamic faith
Formation of Islamic State
Socio – economic and political system of Islam
Achievements of Prophet Muhammad
Unit – III
Institution of Khilafat
Hazrat Abu Bakr : Life and achievements
Hazrat Umar : Life and his adrninistration
Expansion and consolidation of Islamic State during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar
Hazrat Usman : Life and political problems faced by him
Hazrat Ali : His life and internal conflicts
General assessment of Khilafat – e – Rashidah
Unit – IV
Establishment of Umayyad Dynasty
The policy of Arab nationalism adopted by the Umayyads
Social conditions under the Umayyad rule
Expansion and consolidation of the State
System of education under the Umayyads
Development of Arabic Language and Literature
Art and Architecture under the Umayyads
Decline of the Umayyad rule
Unit – V
Establishment of Abbasid rule
Important caliphs and their achievements
Socio – cultural and religious developments
Development of education
Progress in the fields of various sciences and literature
Contribution of Abbasids to Fine Arts
Art and architecture under Abbasids
Unit – VI
Collection and compilation of the Quran
Ethical and philosophical teachings
Socio – economic and political teachings
The origin and development of Tafsir Literature
Important Commentators :
Mohammed bin jarir at-Tabari
Razi
Zamakhshari
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
Abul Ala Maududi
Abul Kalam Azad
Ashraf Ali Thanvi
Unit – VII
Collection and compilation of Hadith
Transmission and Scrutiny of Hadith
Genesis of Islamic Fiqh and its development
Major Collections of Hadith
Sources of Islamic Law
Schools of Islamic Law
Contemporary Problems and Islamic Fiqh
Unit – VIII
Arabs reaction and response to Greek Philosophy
Arab Philosophers
Al – Kindi
Al – Farabi
Al – Ghazzali
Ibn – e – Rushd
Development of Ilmul – Kalam
Mutazalites and Asharites
Shah Waliullah and his contribution to Muslim philosophy
Unit – IX
Origin and development of Sufism
Impact of Sufism on Indian Society
Important Sufi orders
Chishti
Naqshbandi
Suhrawardi
Qadiri
Sufi and Bhakti movements
Important works of Sufism
Awarif – al – Ma’arif
Futuhat al – Makkiyyah
Maqasid al – Arifin
Unit – X
Sunnis
Shias
Khawarij
Ahl – e – Hadith
Al – Ikhwan – al – Muslimun
Al – Ba’th
Jam’at – e – Islami
Sannusi Movement

 

Paper III (Part B)

[Elective / Optional]
Elective – I
Islamic Studies : Contemporary Muslim World
Reform movements in India
Socio – religious development in modern Iran
Socio – Political developments in modern Turkey
Elective – II
Arab Culture : Indo – Arab Relations
Impact of Western Civilization on Arabs
Contemporary Indo – Arab relations
India as depicted in Arab writings

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