NTA UGC NET Syllabus of Forensic Science, Code No: 82



NTA UGC NET Syllabus in Forensic Science:Forensic science is the scientific method of gathering and examining information about the past. This is especially important in law enforcement where forensics is done in relation to criminal or civil law, but forensics are also carried out in other fields, such as astronomy, archaeology, biology and geology to investigate ancient times. In the United States of America there are over 12,000 forensic science technicians, as of 2010. The word forensic comes from the Latin forÄ“nsis, meaning "of or before the forum." In Roman times, a criminal charge meant presenting the case before a group of public individuals in the forum. Both the person accused of the crime and the accuser would give speeches based on their sides of the story. The individual with the best argument and delivery would determine the outcome of the case. This origin is the source of the two modern usages of the word forensic – as a form of legal evidence and as a category of public presentation. In modern use, the term forensics in the place of forensic science can be considered correct, as the term forensic is effectively a synonym for legal or related to courts. However, the term is now so closely associated with the scientific field that many dictionaries include the meaning that equates the word forensics with forensic science.

 

Paper II & Paper III (Part A & Part B)

Unit – I
Forensic Science: Definitions, History and Development
Crime Scene Management and Investigation; Collection, Preservation, Packing and Forwarding of Physical and Trace evidences for analysis
Legal and Court Procedure pertaining to Expert Testimony
Unit – II
Microscopy: Polarising, Comparison, Stereoscopic, Fluorescent and Electron Microscopes
Spectrophotometry: U. V.,Visible, IR atomic absorption
Neutron Activation Analysis
X – rays
NMR
Chromatographic Techniques: TLC, GLC, GCMS, HPLC
Electrophoresis: High and Low voltage electrophoresis, Gel electrophoresis and Immunoelectrophoresis
Unit – III
Fresh blood – Grouping and typing of fresh blood samples including enzyme types
Analysis of stains of blood and allied body fluids for their groups and enzyme tests
Cases of disputed paternity and maternity problems
DNA profiling
Unit – IV
Analysis of illicit liquor including methyl and ethyl alcohol and alcohol in body fluids and breathe
Analysis of petroleum products
Chemical examination and Physiology / Pharmacology of:
Insecticides and Pesticides
Psychotropic Drugs : Sedatives, stimulants, opiates and drugs of abuse
Extraction, Isolation and Identification of Poisons from viscera, tissues and body fluids
Unit – V
Classification of fire arms, ammunition and their compositions
Comparison and Identification of Cartridges, Bullets and Fire arms
Country made fire arms, Velocity, Penetration, Dispersion, Recochet, Accidental Discharge, Determination of Range
Bombs and Explosives : Composition, Ignition, Combustion and Detonation Examination of country made bombs, Improvised Explosive Devices ( IEDs )

Unit – VI
Identification of hair, determination of species origin, sex, site and individual identification from hair
Classification and Identification of fibres
Examination and identification of Saliva, Urine, Faecal matter and Milk
Examination and Identification of Semen stains including the species origin and individual characteristics
Unit – VII
Physical analysis of the following: Soil, Glass, Paints, Laquers, Cement, Inks, Paper, Tool marks, Tyre Marks, Shoe Prints, Forensic examination of vehicles in cases of accident
Unit – VIII
Identification of individuals from bodily features Examination and identification of deceased from Skeletal remains Identification and individualization from foot prints Identification and individualization from teeth
Unit – IX
Preliminary examination of documents
Identification of hand – writing, signatures and detection of forgeries
Anonymous and disguised writings
Reproduction of documents through photographic and mechanical means and their examination
Physical and chemical erasures, obliterations, additions, alterations, indentations, secret writings and charred documents
Inks, papers and their scientific examinations including instrumental analysis
Age of documents
Examination of typescripts, printed matter including currency notes and lottery tickets and mechanical impressions
History, classification, search, lifting and examination of fingerprints
Development of latent fingerprints by various methods
Single digit classification and examination of chance prints
Crime records and computerization of fingerprints
Unit – X
Medicolegal aspects of wounds
Post – mortem Examination and PM changes
Asphyxial Death
Sexual offences
Infanticide
Forensic psychiatry and lye detection.

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