NTA UGC NET Syllabus of Law, Code No: 58



NTA UGC NET Syllabus in Law: Law is a term which does not have a universally accepted definition, but one definition is that law is a system of rules and guidelines which are enforced through social institutions to govern behaviour. Laws can be made by legislatures through legislation (resulting in statutes), the executive through decrees and regulations, or judges through binding precedents (normally in common law jurisdictions). Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including (in some jurisdictions) arbitration agreements that exclude the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution (written or unwritten) and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.

 

Paper II

1. Constitutional Law of India
Preamble
Fundamental Rights and Duties.
Directive Principles of State Policy.
Judiciary
Executive
Union State Legislative Relations.
Emergency Provisions
Amendment of the Constitution.
Writ Jurisdiction
2. Legal Theory
Nature and Sources of Law.
Positivism, Natural. Law Theory, Sociological Jurisprudence.
Theories of Punishment.
Rights and Duties.
Concepts of Possession and Ownership.
3. Public International Law
Nature of International Law and its relationship with Municipal Law.
Sources of International Law.
Recognition of States and Governments.
United Nations
Settlement of International Disputes.
Human Rights
4. Family Law
Concepts in Family Law.
Sources of Family Law in India.
Marriage and Dissolution of Marriage.
5. Law of Contracts
General Principles
Essentials of a valid contract.
Offer, acceptance and consideration.
Capacity to Contract : Minor’s contract.
Elements vitiating contract : Mistake, fraud, misrepresentation, public policy, coercion, undue influence, frustration of contract.
Remedies for breach of contract : Damages.
6. Law of Torts
Foundation of Tortuous Liability.
General Defences to an action of Torty.
Vicarious Liability
Remoteness of Damages.
Contributory Negligence
Absolute and Strict Liability.
7. Law of Crimes
General Principles
Nature and Definition of Offence.
General Exceptions
Common Intention and Common Object.
Criminal Attempt, Conspiracy and Abetment.
Offences against Women.
8. Labour Law
Concepts: Industry, Industrial Dispute and Workman.
Trade Unions: Rights and Immunities of Registered Trade Union; Registration and its advantages.
Methods for Settlement of Industrial Disputes under Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.
Strike and Lockout as Instruments of Collective Bargaining.
Retrenchment, Lay – off and Closures.

Paper III (Part A & Part B)

(Core and Elective / Optional)
Unit – I
Essential Features of Indian Constitution.
Distribution of Legislative Powers between Union and States.
Fundamental Rights, Fundamental Duties and Directive Principles of State Policy.
Judiciary
Parliament and State Legislatures
Amending Process of the Constitution.
Role of Election Commission in Democratic Process.
Unit – II
Nature, Scope and Importance of Administrative Law.
Principles of Natural Justice.
Administrative Discretion and its control.
Judicial Review of Administrative Action-Writ Jurisdiction.
Lokpal and Lokayukta.
Unit – III
Nature and Sources of Law.
Legal Concepts : Right, Duty, Ownership, Possession and Person Judicial. Process : Application of Doctrine of Precedent of India.
Judicial Contribution in Bringing Social Changes.
Law and Morality.
Unit – IV
General Principles of Criminal Law-meaning, nature, essentials and stages of offence.
Joint Liability; Abetment and Criminal Conspiracy.
Offences against Human Body.
Offences against Property.
Defamation
Unit – V
Environmental Pollution : Meaning of Environment and Environmental Pollution; Kinds of Pollution.
Legislative Measures for Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution in India – Air and Water Pollution and General Protection of Environment.
International Development for protection of Environmental Pollution.
Remedies for Environmental Protection : Civil, Criminal and Constitutional.
Importance of Forest and Wildlife in protecting environment.
Environmental impact assessment and control of Hazardous wastes.
Unit – VI
Nature of International Law and its sources.
Concept of sovereignty and its relevance today.
Recognition of State and Governments.
Extradition, Asylum, Nationality and Status of Refugees.
International Court of Justice.
UNO and its organs.
Global Trade Regime under International Law.
Unit – VII
Marriage
Divorce
Adoption and Guardianship
Maintenance
Matrimonial Remedies
Uniform Civil Code
Unit – VIII
Concept and Development of Human Rights.
Contribution of United Nations in the development and implementation of Human Rights.
Implementation of Human Rights in India : Role of National Human Rights Commission.
Protection of Marginalised Groups : Women, Children, Minorities and Refugees.
Unit – IX
Nature and definition of Tort.
General Principles of Tortuous Liability.
Specific Torts: Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation.
Absolute Liability: Emerging trends in India.
Consumer Protection: Evolution of Consumer Rights and Redressal of Consumer Grievances.
Unit – X
Partnership Act : Nature and essentials of partnership mutual rights and liabilities of partners, advantages of registration of firms.
Sales of Goods Act.
Negotiable Instruments Act.
Company Law: Role of Directors, Doctrines of Indoor Management and Ultra Vires.

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